德國-國王湖 Königssee<純淨無暇>

國王湖(Königssee),位於德國巴伐利亞州的東南端,比鄰德國和奧地利的邊境小鎮貝希特斯加登(Berchtesgaden),在奧地利城市薩爾茲堡以南的德國阿爾卑斯山區內。國王湖的湖水呈現翡翠綠色,清澈見底,是著名的旅遊勝地。

國王湖和它所在的貝希特斯加登國家公園是德國著名的旅遊勝地。國王湖因其清澈的湖水而聞名,它被認為是德國最乾淨和最美麗的湖。正由於這個原因,1909年起,只有電動船、手划船和腳踏船才被允許在湖中航行。國王湖航船旅行的一個特色節目是,當電動船行駛到距聖巴多羅買一半航程的時候,船長會停下船,在險峻的群山間的湖面上吹起喇叭,演繹多重的回音。

國王湖(Königssee)的水質相當純淨,因為源頭沒有農業運作,而湖邊的居民自從1980年起使用管道處理生活用水,湖水清澈,水質達到飲用水標準

由於國王湖(Königssee)面積很大,只有在非常寒冷並且無風的冬季湖面才有可能結冰。這種情況約每八年出現一次,最近一次是2006年1~2月間。湖面結冰時,航船停駛,如果冰層超過15厘米足夠厚實,當地旅遊業管理者會在湖中冰層上標示出一條通往聖巴多羅買的步行道路,向遊客、自行車和徒步旅行者開放,但遊客必須嚴格遵守標記的指示,因為湖面的西側冰層比東側薄。

國王湖(Königssee)官方網站

Königssee  

Königssee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Königssee is a lake located in the extreme southeast Berchtesgadener Land district of the German state of Bavaria, near the border with Austria. Large parts are comprised by the Berchtesgaden National Park

Lying within the Berchtesgaden Alps in the municipality of Schönau am Königsee, just south ofBerchtesgaden and the Austrian City of Salzburg, the Königssee is Germany's third deepest lake. Located at a Jurassic rift it was formed by glaciers during the last ice age. It stretches about 7.7 kilometers (4.8 mi) in the north-south direction and is about 1.7 kilometers (1.1 mi) across at its widest point. Except at its outlet, the Königsseer Ache at the village of Königssee, the lake similar to a fjord is surrounded by steeply rising flanks of mountains up to 2700 m (8900 ft), including the fabledWatzmann massif in the west.

The literal translation appears to be "King's Lake", however while GermanKönig does indeed mean "king", there had been no Bavarian kings since the days of Louis the German until Elector Maximilian I Joseph assumed the royal title in 1806. Therefore the name more probably stems from the first nameKuno of local nobles, who appear in several historical sources referring to the donation of theBerchtesgaden Provostry in the 12th century; the lake was formerly called Kunigsee.

In 1944 a subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located nearby where Heinrich Himmlerhad a residence built at Schönau for his mistress Hedwig Potthast.

The lake is noted for its clear water and is advertised as the cleanest lake in Germany. For this reason, only electric driven passenger ships, rowing and pedal boats have been permitted on the lake since 1909. Passenger services along the length of the lake, calling at various points, are operated by the Bayerische Seenschifffahrt company.

Due to its picturesque setting, the lake and surrounding parklands are very popular with tourists and hikers. In addition, the lake's position surrounded by sheer rock walls creates an echo, which is known for its clarity. On boat tours, it has become traditional to stop and play a flugelhorn or trumpet to display the echo; formerly demonstrated by shooting a cannon, it could be heard reflected up to seven times.

St. Bartholomä, a famous pilgrimage church with a small inn nearby, is located on a peninsula about halfway down the western lakeshore. The small Christlieger island is located near its northern end. South of the Königssee, separated by the Salet moraine, is the smaller Obersee lake with the 470 meters (1,540 ft) high Röthbach waterfall. As there is no lakeside path on the steep shore of the Königssee, St. Bartholomä and the southern edge can only be reached by boat or via hiking trails up the surrounding mountains - except for harsh winters, when the lake freezes over. Stepping on the ice however can be fatal, as for a motorist in the winter of 1964, who on his way back from St. Bartholomä drowned in his VW Beetle. The car was not detected until 1997 at a depth of about 100 m (300 ft).

▼快抵達國王湖(Königssee)前就可以感受到週遭景色的優美。

City Flyer @ Pixnet 

▼乾淨到可以生飲的水質。

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City Flyer @ Pixnet

▼搭著電動傳出發囉!

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▼船停在湖中間,樂手將音樂吹向群山,一下子就傳了美妙的迴音回來!(喇叭請開大聲點)

  

聖巴多羅買禮拜堂(St. Bartholomä)是國王湖的標誌。

City Flyer @ Pixnet

City Flyer @ Pixnet

▼能在這裡游泳真的太幸福了!

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▼這就是遊湖的電動船。

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▼小兒美的教堂。

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▼湖中有很多鱒魚,也是這裡有名的美食,來到國王湖一定要品嘗。

City Flyer @ Pixnet

City Flyer @ Pixnet  

國王湖(Königssee)官方網站

Königssee  

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