From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Venice (Italian: Venezia [veˈnɛttsja], Venetian: Venexia [veˈnɛsja]) is a city in northern Italy which is renowned for the beauty of its setting, its architecture and its artworks. It is the capital of the Veneto region. In 2009, there were 270,098 people residing in Venice's comune (the population estimate of 272,000 inhabitants includes the population of the whole Comune of Venezia; around 60,000 in the historic city of Venice (Centro storico); 176,000 in Terraferma (the Mainland), mostly in the large frazioni of Mestre and Marghera; 31,000 live on other islands in the lagoon). Together with Padua and Treviso, the city is included in the Padua-Treviso-Venice Metropolitan Area (PATREVE) (population 1,600,000).
The name is derived from the ancient Veneti people who inhabited the region by the 10th century B.C. The city historically was the capital of theVenetian Republic. Venice has been known as the "La Dominante", "Serenissima", "Queen of the Adriatic", "City of Water", "City of Masks", "City of Bridges", "The Floating City", and "City of Canals". Luigi Barzini described it in The New York Times as "undoubtedly the most beautiful city built by man". Venice has also been described by the Times Online as being one of Europe's most romantic cities.
The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy. The saltwater lagoon stretches along the shoreline between the mouths of the Po (south) and the Piave (north) Rivers.
The Republic of Venice was a major maritime power during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, and a staging area for the Crusades and the Battle of Lepanto, as well as a very important center of commerce (especially silk, grain and spice trade) and art in the 13th century up to the end of the 17th century. This made Venice a wealthy city throughout most of its history. It is also known for its several important artistic movements, especially theRenaissance period. Venice has played an important role in the history of symphonic and operatic music, and it is the birthplace of Antonio Vivaldi.
威尼斯（Venice/Venezia）名氣最大的聖馬可大教堂（Basilica di San Marco）
聖馬可大教堂（Basilica di San Marco）開放免費參觀，但由於人潮眾多建議提早前往，進入教堂前除了要注意儀態，隨身行李大於Ａ４尺寸須於旁邊巷子內的寄物櫃寄放行李！
聖馬可大教堂（Basilica di San Marco）頂端則需另外購票，進入教堂後可以找到售票處，票價為4€。
教堂前的聖馬可廣場（Piazza di San Marco）以及鐘樓（Campanile）
安康聖母瑪利亞教堂（Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute）
聖札卡利亞教堂（Chiesa di San Zaccaria），教堂一旁有一個不太大的展示空間，可以免費參觀畫展！
聖喬治馬喬雷教堂（Chiesa di San Giorgio Maggiore），位於聖馬可廣場（Piazza di San Marco）對岸，教堂免費參觀但鐘塔需購票，票價為3€。
聖特羅瓦索造船廠（Squero di San Trovaso），每個造船師傅都相當壯！
土耳其商館（Fontego dei Turchi），現為自然歷史博物館（Museo di Storia Naturale）。
利亞德橋（Ponte di Rialto），橋上滿是店家與遊客，十分熱鬧。